Geographical Profile of Assam

The state, being T-shaped, consists of the northern Brahmaputra valley, the middle Karbi and Cachar hills and the southern Barak valley. Assam has a stunning grandeur of dense tracts of tropical forests, interspersed with emerald patchwork quilts of paddy and lush tea gardens enriched by the flow of river Brahmaputra (‘Son of Brahma'). The alluvial plains of the Assam valley (100 km at its widest) enjoy an abundance of natural riches. The state is the largest producer of timber and tea in the country and it has the oldest oil refinery in India. Assam is the only region in the world that has its own variety of tea, called Camellia assamica. Assam tea is grown at elevations near sea level, giving it malt sweetness and an earthy flavor, as opposed to the more floral aroma of highland teas.

Assam also produces crude oil and natural gas. Most of the oilfields of Assam are located in the Upper Assam region of the Brahmaputra Valley.

Interactive map of Assam

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Assam experiences heavy rainfall between March and September, with very high humidity in the summer months. The state produces a lot of Bamboo. This mystic land of eternal blue hills, beautiful rivers with rich flora and fauna also has the world famous one horned rhinoceros and other rare species of wildlife which are on the verge of extinction. Assam is divided into 23 districts:

Barpeta            Bongaigaon     Cachar

Darrang            Dhemaji          Dhubri

Dibrugarh          Goalpara        Golaghat

Hailakandi         Jorhat            Kamrup

Karbi Anglong    Karimganj        Kokrajhar

Lakhimpur         Marigaon         Nagaon

Nalbari             North Cachar Hills

Sibsagar           Sonitpur          Tinsukia




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