The Law and Judiciary department, as the name connotes, functions as
legal advisory department to the government and as administrative
department for the Judiciary. The functions of the Law and Judiciary
department as advisory department are mainly technical. This
department tenders legal advice mainly to government departments in
the Mantralaya on the following subjects: -
(1) Legal points arising under the Constitution of India, several
civil and criminal Acts, rules and regulations, etc.
(2) Legislation (both principal and sub-ordinate).
(3) Litigation (both civil and criminal),
In addition to the administration of the Judiciary, the Law and
Judiciary department is usually an administrative department for the
following heads of departments and offices:
(a) Charity Organization,
(b) Administrator Generals and Official Trustees for cities.
(c) Registrar of Firms,
(e) All law officers (known as Government Pleaders and Public
Prosecutors) in the state.
In addition to this, the Law and Judiciary department administers
the State Legal Aid and Advice Scheme.
The following are the departments that are usually part of a
judiciary, in various forms in different states
(1) The Law and Judiciary department
(2) High Court
(3) Civil, Sessions and Criminal Courts
(4) Small Causes Courts
(5) Metropolitan Magistrate Courts
(6) Administrator General and Official Trustee
(8) Legal Advisers and Counsel
(9) Charity Organization,
(10) Charitable and Religious Endowments
(11) Registrar of firms
(12) The State Law Commission.