Wildlife of Tripura
Gumti Wildlife Sanctuary
Gumti Wildlife Sanctuary is the second sanctuary of the South Tripura district located in the south-east corner of the state. Its area is 389.54 km. Close to the sanctuary, there is a vast water reservoir covering almost 300 sq km of an area. This water reservoir attracts several resident and migratory water birds. Gumti Wildlife Sanctuary in Tripura has Elephants, Bison, Sambar, Barking deer, Wild goat or Sarow apart from many other animals and reptiles. This is a very ideal destination for the tourists interested in eco-tourism. The sanctuary boasts of a rich flora and fauna. One can find numerous medical and therapeutical botanical species in abundance in the surroundings of the sanctuary.
Rowa Wildlife Sanctuary
The Rowa Wildlife Sanctuary, situated in the north of the district, can be approached from Panisagar and is adjacent to the National Highway. Rowa Wildlife Sanctuary in Tripura is a small wildlife sanctuary covering an area of 85'85 hectares and it is one of the few remains of the natural forests left. This sanctuary is easily accessible to the tourists from all around. Rowa Wildlife Sanctuary provides plenty of scope for study by the botanists, ecologists, environmentalist and students of wildlife system. The Tripura Rowa Wildlife Sanctuary houses more than 150 species of birds, wild beasts and primates. The sanctuary with bountiful of forest reserves, including both botanical and zoological is worth a visit. It is the most ideal destination for the tourists, who are more inclined towards eco-tourism. The forest is rich with a large number of economic plants such as medicinal & aromatic, treat fodders, fruit producing trees, oil-seed producing trees, spices & orchids and other ornamental plants.
Sepahijala Wildlife Sanctuary
The Sepahijala Wildlife Sanctuary in Tripura is at a distance of 35 km from Agartala and the NH 44. Tripura Sepahijala Wildlife Sanctuary is spread over an area of 18.53 sq km and boasts of a rich collection of wildlife particularly of birds and primates. One can appreciate both in-situ and ex-situ conservation of flora and fauna at Sepahijala Wildlife Sanctuary. The Sepahijala Wildlife Sanctuary in Tripura is the hot spot of bio-diversity with abundant stock of flora, fauna, birds, etc. It has 456 plant species of monocotyledon and dicotyledon. Trees of Sal, Chamal, Garjan and Kanak exist predominantly. The secondary species consist of Pichla, Kurcha, Awla, Bahera, Hargaja, Amlaki, Bamboos and grasses. Sanctuary has the 4489 cum per ha.of timber biomass. Sanctuary has abundant Rauwalfia serpentina and home to other endangered and endemic species. There are 5 species of primates in this sanctuary. The crab eating Mongoose which was last sighted about 72 years ago in India has been discovered again in this sanctuary. Presbytis, or spectacled langur, an endemic species of Tripura is abundant here. There are about 150 species of birds in this sanctuary. During winter lots of migratory birds visit the sanctuary. It is absolutely thrilling to watch them. Wonderful habitat of Sepahijala attracts lot of migratory birds of which lesser whistling teal, white ibis, open billed stork is of prime importance.
Trishna Wildlife Sanctuary in Tripura
Covering an area of 197.7 sq km, the Trishna Wildlife Sanctuary in Tripura is a rich in vegetation and fauna. Trishna Wildlife Sanctuary Tripura can be approached either from Belonia in the south or from Sonamura in the northern part of the state. The Trishna wildlife Sanctuary was notified in the year November 1988. The sanctuary is rich in forest reserve with abundant patches of virgin forest reserve. The sanctuary has the unique educative value to the school going children, academicians, Botanists, environmentalists, taxonomists and visitors. The Trishna Wildlife Sanctuary is one of the most conserved forest reserve with rich Bio-diversity. The forest reserve is ideally planned for Education & Awareness and Entertainment & Amusement.
Indian Gaur (Bison) is an attraction of this sanctuary. Apart from
it, there are varieties of birds, Deer, Hooklock Gibbon,Golden
Langur, Capped Langur, Pheasants and many other animals and
reptiles. Bison is the main attraction in this sanctuary, in
addition to the resident and migratory birds. The dense forest
covers 62% of the total area, 18% is covered by degraded forest and
the rest 20% is covered by bushy forest. Sanctuary also has a
numbers of perennial water rivulets, water bodies, grass land. The
sanctuary has Tropical Semi Evergreen Forest, East Himalayan lower
Bhabar sal, Moist mixed deciduous Forest and Savanah wood land. One
species of Bamboo Oxtenanthera Nigrocilliate locally known as
Kaillai is found in abundance at this place, leaves of which are
liked by Bison. This bamboo is said be endemic. The vegetation of
the Sanctuary is unique through out its area. There are numbers of
tree species, herb, Shrubs, climbers, grass etc. in the Trishna
Sanctuary Tripura. There are 230 nos of trees species 400 nos herbs,
110. Nos shrubs and 150 nos climbers available in the Sanctuary.
Among the floral diversity there are good nos of species of having
medicinal value. Kurcha, Tulsi, Vasak, Sarpaganda, Rudraksha, Bel,
Chirata, Kalamegh etc. are medicinal plants available in plenty. The
sanctuary is famous for Bison locally known as “Gaba” and home to
several species of “Primates”. Some of the species found here are -Bos
gaurus (Indian Bison), Trachypithecus phayrie(Spectacle langur),
Hylobates hoolock (Hoolock Gibbon), Macacca mulatta (Lalmukh
Bandar), Trachypithecus pileatus (Capped Langur), Sus scrofa (Wild
boar), Felis chaus (Wild cat), Panthera pardus (Leopard).
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