Geography of Nagpur

 

Geographical  Profile of Nagpur

Nagpur Limits encompass 217.56 Square Kms of land areas. Nagpur is 837 kms. From Mumbai, 1094 Kms south of Delhi, 1092 kms north of Chennai and 1140 kms west of Calcutta. Humidity ranges from 20% to 70% and Rainfall averages 120cms annually. Nagpur is situated 274.5 mtrs to 652.70 mtrs above sea level and 28% of Nagpur is covered by Forest. Nagpur generally has a dry tropical weather.

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The climate of Nagpur follows a typical seasonal monsoon weather pattern. The peak temperatures are usually reached in May/June and can be as high as 48oC. The onset of monsoon is usually from July and the season extends up to September, with monsoon peaking during July and August. After monsoons, the average temperature varies between 27oC and approx 6 to 7oC right through December and January.

The underlying rock type in the Western and Southern localities is Deccan Trap, the lava flows gave rise to flat topped and terraced features. The Eastern halfs covered by crystalline Metamorphic Rock such as gneissís, schist and granites. In the Northern part of the city, yellowish sand stones and clays of the lower Gondwana formations are found. In maximum part of the town, the underlying rock strata are covered with alluvial deposits resulting from the flood plain of the Kanhan River. In some places these gives rise to granular, sandy soils, but in many places, particularly in low lying, poorly drained areas, the soils are alluvial clays with poor permeability characteristics

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