Fairs and Festivals of Bihar
Chatth Puja is the only occasion where the setting sun is worshipped. The people of Bihar have immense faith in this festival. It is a four day festival celebrated twice a year. Once in Chaitra which falls in March and in Kartik which falls in November.
It is during the winter season that the birds from the Himalayas migrate towards the plains. With the advent of these colorful birds, celebration of sama–chakeva is done. This is a festival especially celebrated in mithila. Mithilanchal dedicates this festival to the celebration of the brother sister relationship. It represents the tradition of this land as well as the art of making idols. This festival starts with the welcoming of the pair of birds sama-chakeva. Girls make clay idols of various birds and decorate them in their own traditional ways. Various rituals are performed and the festival joyfully ended with the ‘vidai’ of sama and with a wish that these birds return to this land the next year.
A Hindu festival celebrated in all parts of the country. This is the auspicious day when Lord Rama was born. People celebrate it by fasting and offering prayers in his honour.
Also known as Tila Sankranti, the festival marks the beginning of the summer season. People believe that from this day on, the days become longer and the heat of the sun also increases. Every year it is observed on the 14th of January. People celebrate it by giving offerings to the poor.
Bihula is a prominent festival of eastern Bihar especially famous in Bhagalpur district. People pray to goddess Mansa for the welfare of their family.
This festival is celebrated all over mithilanchal with much enthusiasm. It is celebrated in the month of Sawan (Hindu calendar), which falls around August. This festival carries a message with itself. It teaches how to weave together religion and tradition in day-to-day life.
Basant Panchami, Shivratri, Raksha Bandhan, Holi, Durga Puja, Deepawali, Id, Bakrid, Christmas and many more festivals however big or small are celebrated with enthusiasm all over this landmass.
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